Paul B. Armstrong is professor of English at Brown University. His research focuses on phenomenological theories of reading and narrative and their intersection with cognitive science. His most recent books are Stories and the Brain: The Neuroscience of Narrative (2020) and How Literature Plays with the Brain: The Neuroscience of Reading and Art (2013). His other books include Play and the Politics of Reading: The Social Uses of Modernist Form (2005), Conflicting Readings: Variety and Validity in Interpretation (1990), The Challenge of Bewilderment: Understanding and Representation in James, Conrad, and Ford (1987), and The Phenomenology of Henry James (1983).